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H.R.2547 – 117th Congress (2021-2022): Comprehensive Debt Collection Improvement Act

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Introduced in House (04/15/2021)

Comprehensive Debt Collection Improvement Act

This bill generally provides additional financial protections for consumers and places restrictions on debt collection activities.

Regarding additional consumer protections, the bill

  • expands certain protections currently applicable to federally-backed student loans to private student loans, including by requiring the discharge of a private student loan in the event of the borrower’s death or total and permanent disability;
  • prohibits a consumer reporting agency from adding any information related to a debt arising from a medically necessary procedure to a consumer credit report and places restrictions on the reporting of other types of medical debt; and
  • applies certain consumer protections regarding debt collection to debt owed to a federal agency, to states, to debt buyers, and to businesses engaged in nonjudicial foreclosures.

It also prohibits certain loan conditions that limits a borrower’s opportunity to be heard in court in the event of default.

Additionally, the bill restricts debt collectors and debt collection practices by

  • prohibiting a debt collector from representing to a service member that failure to cooperate with a debt collector will result in a reduction of rank or similar action, and
  • limiting a debt collector’s electronic communications with a debtor without the debtor’s permission.

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