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House to Consider Four-Bill Appropriations Minibus Next Week

WASHINGTON — In advance of Floor consideration next week, the House Appropriations Committee released a division-by-division summary of the first minibus of fiscal year 2021 appropriations bills. The House is expected to consider the legislation, H.R. 7608, beginning next week.

The package includes four FY 2021 spending bills: State-Foreign Operations, Agriculture-Rural Development-FDA, Interior-Environment, and Military Construction and Veterans Affairs.

A division-by-division summary is below and available as a PDF here.

H.R. 7608
DIVISION-BY-DIVISION SUMMARY

H.R. 7608 totals $259.5 billion in discretionary funding and consists of four FY 2021 appropriations bills: State-Foreign Operations, Agriculture-Rural Development-FDA, Interior-Environment, and Military Construction and Veterans Affairs.

In total, the package provides:

  • $10.1 billion in base defense funding;
  • $201.1 billion in base nondefense funding;
  • $350 million for defense Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO);
  • $8 billion for nondefense OCO;
  • $37.5 billion in emergency supplemental appropriations; and
  • 2.4 billion in additional wildfire suppression appropriations.

Table of Contents

State-Foreign Operations
Agriculture-Rural Development-FDA
Interior-Environment
Military Construction and Veterans Affairs
 

Division A – State-Foreign Operations

Overview:

The State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs bill funds the Department of State, the United States Agency for International Development, and other international programs and activities.

For FY 2021, the bill provides $65.87 billion in funding, an increase of $8.467 billion above the FY 2020 enacted level and $21.158 billion above the request. This includes $10.018 billion in emergency funding for coronavirus preparedness, response, and relief globally;  $47.85 billion in base discretionary funding for the State Department, USAID, commissions and related agencies under the jurisdiction of the subcommittee; and $8 billion in Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terrorism (OCO/GWOT) funding for base requirements that otherwise would not be funded in the President’s budget request. The bill also continues to provide OCO/GWOT funding under the account headings combined with enduring funds to offer a transparent accounting of the true resources needed to fund United States foreign policy and advance national security interests. 

The bill rejects the administration’s proposed cuts that would endanger national security and diminish America’s global standing, and instead provides robust funding to advance our diplomatic and development priorities, ensure the effectiveness of our foreign assistance, and strengthen the international partnerships that are critical to maintaining and expanding American influence and effectiveness on the world stage. That includes specifically restoring funding for the World Health Organization, which President Trump has threatened to cut off.

Bill Summary:

State Department Operations and Related Agencies – The bill contains a total of $16.4 billion in base and OCO funding for the operational costs of the State Department and related agencies, as well as diplomacy efforts to enhance peace and stability around the globe and provides the authority for the State Department to exceed the cap on U.S. peacekeeping contributions.

Within this amount, the legislation provides $6.1 billion for embassy security, equal to the FY 2020 enacted level. These funds will address needs at more than 275 diplomatic facilities overseas, including facility upgrades and security personnel.

International Security Assistance – The bill provides a total of $9 billion in base and OCO funding for international security assistance, equal to the FY 2020 enacted level.  Funds are included for international narcotics control and law enforcement activities, antiterrorism programs, nonproliferation programs, peacekeeping operations, and other critical international security efforts.  The bill also provides funding to fight terrorist financing networks and bolster border and airport security.

In addition, the legislation provides security assistance to key allies and partners.  The bill fully funds the $3.3 billion commitment to Israel’s security, and it maintains strong support for Foreign Military Financing programs in Ukraine, Georgia, Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia. 

The bill maintains robust funding for counter-narcotics and law enforcement efforts in Colombia, Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. The legislation also provides $68 million to address international organized crime and maintains funding to combat cybercrime.

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Operations – The bill contains $1.68 billion for USAID and the USAID Office of Inspector General, an increase of $15 million above the FY 2020 enacted level. The legislation also includes oversight measures to ensure the proper management of development programs and the appropriate use of United States funds.

Bilateral Economic and Global Health Assistance – The bill contains a total of $26.85 billion in base and OCO funding for bilateral economic assistance to foreign countries, an increase of $883.9 million above the FY 2020 enacted level.  This funding is targeted to activities to provide stability in volatile regions and enhance United States presence in critical and strategic areas. Within this amount, programs that support development assistance, global health, and humanitarian assistance are prioritized.  In addition, the bill includes $6.3 billion to fight HIV/AIDS around the globe. The bill also includes $225 million under Economic Support Fund for humanitarian and development programs in the West Bank and Gaza to help address the needs of the Palestinian people, which may include support for UNRWA.  

Multilateral Assistance – The bill provides $3.55 billion for assistance to foreign countries through international organizations and banks.  The bill fully provides for our assessed Contributions to International Organizations and continues our contributions to international financial institutions such as the World Bank’s International Development Association as well as to other multilateral institutions, including the Global Environment Facility and the International Fund for Agricultural Development, which promote environment and food security initiatives respectively. Further, the bill provides a new contribution to the African Development Bank and includes language on the limitation on callable capital subscription to the North American Development Bank.

Increases in funding for critical programs:

Includes $10.018 billion in Emergency Funding to Respond to Coronavirus:

Family Planning & UNFPA:

Other Global Health Programs:

Human Rights of All People including LGBTI Communities:

Peace Corps

President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), including the Global Fund:

International Basic Education:

Humanitarian Assistance:

Educational and Cultural Exchange (ECE) Programs

Biodiversity, Wildlife Trafficking, & the Global Environment Facility (GEF):

Other Environment Programs:

Democracy Programs & National Endowment for Democracy (NED):

Assessed & voluntary contributions for peacekeeping activities:

Assessed & voluntary contributions to international organizations:

U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP):

The Asia Foundation:

East-West Center:

Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC):

U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC):

Support for U.S. allies and partners, including:

(amounts are included in account totals above)

Policy Provisions:

Support for women’s reproductive rights:

Emphasizes gender equality:

Alleviate climate change:

Lautenberg Amendment:

Afghan Special Immigrant Visa (SIV) Program:

Restoring staffing levels:

Protecting critical partner agencies and organizations:

The Middle East Partnership for Peace Act of 2020:

Division B – Agriculture-Rural Development-FDA

Overview:

The Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies bill funds agencies and programs within the Department of Agriculture, the Farm Credit Administration, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, and the Food and Drug Administration.

For FY 2021, total discretionary funding in the legislation is $23.98 billion, an increase of $487 million above the FY 2020 enacted level. In total, the bill allows for $153 billion in both discretionary and mandatory funding, an increase of $331 million above the FY 2020 enacted level. 

The bill prioritizes important agricultural and food programs and services, including food and medical product safety, animal and plant health programs, rural development, farm services, agricultural trade, financial marketplace oversight, and nutrition programs, both domestic and international.

Bill Summary:

Rural Development and Infrastructure – The bill provides a total of more than $4.214 billion for rural development programs. These programs help create an environment for economic growth by providing business and housing opportunities and building sustainable rural infrastructure for the modern economy.

Food and Nutrition Programs – The legislation contains discretionary funding, as well as mandatory funding required by law, for food and nutrition programs within the Department of Agriculture. This includes funding for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and child nutrition programs.

International Food Assistance Programs – The legislation contains $2 billion for international food aid and to promote U.S. agricultural exports overseas. This includes $1.775 billion for Food for Peace grants and $235 million for the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition program. These programs work to reduce famine and increase food security overseas.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) – The FDA receives a total of $3.212 billion in discretionary funding in the bill, an increase of $40.8 million above the 2020 enacted level. Total funding for the FDA, including revenue from user fees, is $5.99 billion. Within this total, the Committee provides targeted increases for medical product and food safety activities, including new initiatives to advance new influenza vaccine manufacturing technologies, support for a new, crosscutting activity enhancing food and medical product safety and includes funding to develop a framework for regulating CBD products.  In addition, the bill includes a strong focus on continuing FDA’s efforts to enable faster responses to foodborne illness outbreaks and increase the safety and cybersecurity of medical devices. The bill also appropriates $70 million to accelerate medical product development as authorized in the 21st Century Cures Act.

Food Safety and Inspection Service – The legislation includes $1.088 billion for food safety and inspection programs. These mandatory inspection activities help ensure the safety and productivity of the country’s meat and poultry industry, and keep safe, healthy food on American tables. The funding provided will maintain nearly 8,800 frontline inspection personnel for meat, poultry, and egg products at more than 6,400 facilities across the country.

Marketing Programs – The bill provides $190 million, $2 million above 2020 and $42 million above the request, to facilitate the movement of agriculture products and open market opportunities. This includes $18 million for the National Organic Program to protect the integrity of the USDA Organic label and $16.5 million for the new hemp production program. The bill also provides $20 million in discretionary funds to the Agricultural Marketing Service and Rural Development for the Local Agriculture Market Program to continue supporting local food and value-added agriculture.

Farm Programs – The legislation provides $1.835 billion for farm programs, which is $30.3 million above the fiscal year 2020 level. This includes $5 million to resolve ownership and succession of farmland issues, also known as heirs property.  This funding will continue support for various farm, conservation, and emergency loan programs, and help American farmers and ranchers. It will also meet estimates of demand for farm loan programs.

Animal and Plant Health – The legislation includes $1.07 billion – $27 million above the fiscal year 2020 enacted level – for the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. This funding will support programs to help control or eradicate plant and animal pests and diseases that can be crippling to U.S. producers. The funding level provides increases that will help address harmful pests and diseases such as spotted lanternfly and chronic wasting disease, and support the growing needs of veterinary biological products such as vaccines and diagnostic tests. while maintaining increases from past years for citrus greening. 

Conservation Programs – The bill provides $1 billion to help farmers, ranchers, and other private landowners conserve and protect their land. This includes $167 million for infrastructure for watershed and flood prevention and watershed rehabilitation projects.

Agricultural Research – The bill provides $3.3 billion – $92 million above the fiscal year 2020 level – for agriculture research programs, including the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture. This funding will support research at all ARS facilities to help mitigate and stop devastating crop diseases, improve food safety and water quality, increase production, and combat antimicrobial resistance. This funding also includes important research investments in U.S. land-grant colleges and universities, including a significant increase for the 1890 institutions, and for the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s premier competitive research program.

Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) – Included in the bill is $304 million for the CFTC, which is the same as the request.

Bill language

Division C – Interior-Environment

Overview:

The Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies bill includes funding for programs within the Department of the Interior, the Environmental Protection Agency, and other related agencies, including the Indian Health Service.

For FY 2021, the bill includes $36.76 billion in regular appropriations, an increase of $771 million above the FY 2020 enacted level, and $5.11 billion over the President’s 2021 request. Additionally, the bill includes $15 billion in emergency supplemental appropriations for investments in critical infrastructure. There is also an additional $2.35 billion of funding provided under the fire suppression cap adjustment.

In FY 2021, Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) allocations will shift from discretionary to mandatory appropriations. For clarity, comparisons throughout are for non-LWCF programs.

Bill Summary:

Department of the Interior (DOI) – The bill provides a total of $13.83 billion in discretionary appropriations for DOI, an increase of $304 million above the FY 2020 enacted level and $1.8 billion above the President’s budget request. Of this amount, the bill includes:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) – The bill provides a total of $9.38 billion in for EPA – an increase of $318 million above the FY 2020 enacted level and $2.67 billion above the President’s budget request. Of this amount, the bill includes:

Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) – The bill does not contain discretionary funding but rather provides allocations for the estimated $900 million which will be made available in FY 2021.

Wildland Fire Management (WFM) – The bill provides $5.73 billion for WFM, which includes $2.35 billion in cap adjusted fire suppression funding. The total funding is $174.13 million above the FY 2020 enacted level and $35.45 million below the President’s budget request.

Related Agencies –

Additional Infrastructure Investments – In addition to the investments made in the above titles, the bill provides an additional $15 billion in emergency infrastructure investments for the Bureau of Indian Education, Environmental Protection Agency, and Indian Health Service:

Division D – Military Construction and Veterans Affairs

Overview:

The Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies bill supports our military personnel, bolsters resources for military families, and provides robust funding for veterans’ benefits, healthcare, and other programs.

For FY 2021, the bill provides $250.9 billion in both discretionary and mandatory funding, an increase of $15.2 billion above the fiscal year 2020 enacted level and $2.3 billion above the President’s budget request. Of this amount, discretionary funding totals $115.5 billion, an increase of $5.1 billion above the fiscal year 2020 enacted level. This includes $350 million in Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) funding, as well as $12.5 billion in emergency appropriations for the Department of Veterans Affairs to address the sharply rising cost of providing health care for Veterans. 

Bill Summary:

Military Construction – The bill provides a total of $10.1 billion, not including overseas contingency operations funding, for military construction – $1.2 billion below the 2020 enacted level and $2.3 billion above the President’s budget request. Of this amount, the bill includes:

Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) – The bill provides an additional $350 million for military construction projects in countries with ongoing U.S. operations and the European Deterrence Initiative to combat Russian aggression. These funds will support the construction of facilities to enable our military to fight current and emerging threats, to support increased troop levels, and to sustain services for military families. This includes operational facilities, training facilities, hospitals, family housing, National Guard readiness centers, barracks, and other important resources.

Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) – The bill provides a total of $104.8 billion in discretionary appropriations for VA, an increase of $12.3 billion above the 2020 enacted level and $35 million below the President’s budget request. These resources will serve to expand access to services for Veterans and will boost oversight and accountability across the department. Of this amount, the bill includes:

Related Agencies – The bill provides a total of $276 million in discretionary appropriations for related agencies, an increase of $500,000 above the 2020 enacted level and $21 million above the President’s budget request. Of this amount, the bill includes:

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